Dwight Center for Conservation Science Publications

The following technical reports are produced by Pepperwood staff for Pepperwood's Dwight Center for Conservation Science.

Adaptive Management Plan

With its foundation in the scientific research conducted on the reserve, Pepperwood'sAdaptive Management Plan (AMP) incorporates an ongoing cycle of feedback for adapting management practices based on outcomes monitored onsite.

Climate Supplement to AMP

This document is a post-wildfire, climate adaptation supplement to the 2017 Pepperwood Adaptive Management Plan (AMP), the comprehensive strategy of which can be applied beyond Pepperwood's borders.

Forest Monitoring Report

Pepperwood's forest monitoring project was initiated in 2020, and was designed to assess the long-term trends and range of vegetation and wildlife responses to our forest management practices.

Sentinel Site Plan

Starting in 2010, Pepperwood has been building a Sentinel Site to systematically measure climate, hydrology, and ecosystem health in order to improve our understanding of how changes in climate affect our natural resources and communities.

Pepperwood and Affiliate Publications

The following technical reports and publications are produced by Pepperwood staff and affiliates using research conducted at Pepperwood's 3,200-acre reserve in the Mayacamas Mountains of Sonoma County, California. Linked reports will open as a .pdf or as it appears in the publication journal, in another tab in your browser. Please notify us if any of these publication links are broken. 

2024

Topography influences diurnal and seasonal microclimate fluctuations in hilly terrain environments of coastal California

John, Aji, Julian D. Olden, Meagan F. Oldfather, Matthew M. Kling, and David D. Ackerly. "Topography influences diurnal and seasonal microclimate fluctuations in hilly terrain environments of coastal California." Plos one 19, no. 3 (2024): e0300378.

2023

Dendra Remote Animal ID: Scaling up Biodiversity Monitoring via in situ animal identification (Camera and Acoustic) using Machine Learning on industrial Edge computing hardware with low power global satellite uplink (SWARM)

Bode, Collin, Lisa Micheli, J. Scott Smith, Ryan Ferrel, Keane Flynn, Morgan Gray, Michelle Halbur, and Steven Hammerich. "B23F-2143 Dendra Remote Animal ID: Scaling Up Biodiversity Monitoring via in situ animal identification (Camera and Acoustic) using Machine Learning on industrial Edge computing hardware with low power global satellite uplink (SWARM)." Authorea Preprints (2023).

The effect of soundscape composition on bird vocalization classification in a citizen science biodiversity monitoring project

Clark, Matthew L., Leonardo Salas, Shrishail Baligar, Colin A. Quinn, Rose L. Snyder, David Leland, Wendy Schackwitz, Scott J. Goetz, and Shawn Newsam. "The effect of soundscape composition on bird vocalization classification in a citizen science biodiversity monitoring project." Ecological Informatics 75 (2023): 102065.

Vegetation Trends and Cycles in the Fire-Prone Landscapes of Lake, Napa, and Sonoma Counties

Dawson, A. D., Comendant, T. Henifen, K., Thorne, J. H., Tuckman, M. & Micheli, L. 2023. Vegetation Trends and Cycles in the Fire-Prone Landscapes of Lake, Napa, and Sonoma Counties. Pepperwood Preserve, CA.

Vegetation type change in California’s Northern Bay Area: A comparison of contemporary and historical aerial imagery

Fertel, Hannah M., Brandon M. Collins, Jamie M. Lydersen, and Scott L. Stephens. "Vegetation type change in California’s Northern Bay Area: A comparison of contemporary and historical aerial imagery." Forest Ecology and Management 542 (2023): 121102.

Young people in iNaturalist: a blended learning framework for biodiversity monitoring

Herodotou, Christothea, Nashwa Ismail, Ana I. Benavides Lahnstein, Maria Aristeidou, Alison N. Young, Rebecca F. Johnson, Lila M. Higgins, Maryam Ghadiri Khanaposhtani, Lucy D. Robinson, and Heidi L. Ballard. "Young people in iNaturalist: a blended learning framework for biodiversity monitoring." International Journal of Science Education, Part B (2023): 1-28.

Using terrestrial laser scanning to evaluate non-destructive aboveground biomass allometries in diverse Northern California forests

Krause, Paris, Brieanne Forbes, Alexander Barajas-Ritchie, Matthew Clark, Mathias Disney, Phil Wilkes, and Lisa Patrick Bentley. "Using terrestrial laser scanning to evaluate non-destructive aboveground biomass allometries in diverse Northern California forests." Frontiers in Remote Sensing 4 (2023): 1132208.

Metal toxin threat in wildland fires determined by geology and fire severity

Lopez, Alandra Marie, Juan Lezama Pacheco, and Scott Fendorf. "Metal toxin threat in wildland fires determined by geology and fire severity." Nature Communications 14, no. 1 (2023): 8007.

2022

Cloverdale Fire Protection District Community Wildfire Protection Plan

Cloverdale Fire Protection District, C. A. "Cloverdale Fire Protection District Community Wildfire Protection Plan." (2022).

Experiences in LP-IoT: EnviSense Deployment of Remotely Reprogrammable Environmental Sensors

Grimsley, Reese, Mathieu Marineau, and Bob Iannucci. "Experiences in LP-IoT: EnviSense deployment of remotely reprogrammable environmental sensors." In Proceedings of the 1st ACM Workshop on No Power and Low Power Internet-of-Things, pp. 1-7. 2022.

Comparing Remote Sensing and Field-Based Approaches to Estimate Ladder Fuels and Predict Wildfire Burn Severity

Forbes, Brieanne, Sean Reilly, Matthew Clark, Ryan Ferrell, Allison Kelly, Paris Krause, Corbin Matley et al. "Comparing remote sensing and field-based approaches to estimate ladder fuels and predict wildfire burn severity." Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 5 (2022).

Management Recommendations for Balancing Public Access and Species Conservation on Protected Lands

Kretser, H. E., A. D’Antonio, J. Burger, B. Largay, A. Merenlender, T. Nelson, and S. E. Reed. "Management Recommendations for Balancing Public Access and Species Conservation on Protected Lands." (2022).

Climate change-adaptive participatory field gene banking for a California endemic oak

McLaughlin, Blair, Alissa Fogg, Katherine K. Ennis, Grant Halstrom, Alicia Herrera, and Paulo Quadri. "Climate change‐adaptive participatory field gene banking for a California endemic oak." Restoration Ecology 30, no. 5 (2022): e13573.

Wildfires disturb the natural skin microbiota of terrestrial salamanders

Mulla, Lubna, and Obed Hernández‐Gómez. "Wildfires disturb the natural skin microbiota of terrestrial salamanders." Environmental Microbiology 25, no. 11 (2023): 2203-2215.

Examining abiotic and biotic factors influencing specimen black oaks (Quercus kelloggii) in northern California to reimplement traditional ecological knowledge and promote ecosystem resilience post-wildfire

O'Gorman, Cory J., Lisa Patrick Bentley, Clint McKay, Margaret Purser, and Kylie M. Everly. "Examining abiotic and biotic factors influencing specimen black oaks (Quercus kelloggii) in northern California to reimplement traditional ecological knowledge and promote ecosystem resilience post-wildfire." Ecology and Society 27, no. 2 (2022).

Multi-Stage Soil-Hydraulic Recovery and Limited Ravel Accumulations Following the 2017 Nuns and Tubbs Wildfires in Northern California

Perkins, Jonathan P., Carlos Diaz, Skye C. Corbett, Corina Cerovski‐Darriau, Jonathan D. Stock, Jeff P. Prancevic, Elisabeth Micheli, and Jay Jasperse. "Multi‐stage soil‐hydraulic recovery and limited ravel accumulations following the 2017 Nuns and Tubbs wildfires in Northern California." Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 127, no. 6 (2022): e2022JF006591.

Soundscape classification with convolutional neural networks reveals temporal and geographic patterns in ecoacoustic data

Quinn, Colin A., Patrick Burns, Gurman Gill, Shrishail Baligar, Rose L. Snyder, Leonardo Salas, Scott J. Goetz, and Matthew L. Clark. "Soundscape classification with convolutional neural networks reveals temporal and geographic patterns in ecoacoustic data." Ecological Indicators 138 (2022): 108831.

2021

Responses of Herpetofauna to Fall Fire in Grassland and Mixed Oak-Conifer Forest Habitats

Bradbury, Julianne F. "Responses of Herpetofauna to Fall Fire in Grassland and Mixed Oak-Conifer Forest Habitats." PhD diss., Sonoma State University, 2021.

[BOOK] Climate Stewardship: Taking Collective Action to Protect California

Merenlender, Adina, and Brendan Buhler. Climate Stewardship: Taking Collective Action to Protect California. Univ of California Press, 2021.

[BOOK] Three Scales of Gene Flow in California White Oaks

Papper, Prahlada D. Three Scales of Gene Flow in California White Oaks. University of California, Berkeley, 2021.

The Potential of Multispectral Imagery and 3D Point Clouds from Unoccupied Aerial Systems (UAS) for Monitoring Forest Structure and the Impacts of Wildfire in Mediterranean-Climate Forests

Reilly, Sean, Matthew L. Clark, Lisa Patrick Bentley, Corbin Matley, Elise Piazza, and Imma Oliveras Menor. "The potential of multispectral imagery and 3d point clouds from unoccupied aerial systems (uas) for monitoring forest structure and the impacts of wildfire in mediterranean-climate forests." Remote Sensing 13, no. 19 (2021): 3810.

*publications marked with an asterisk are part of the Terrestrial Biodiversity and Climate Change Collaborative (2012-2023) – a vibrant collective of university, nonprofit, and government experts focused on advancing the best available science to inform climate adaptation strategies for natural resources in California’s Coast Ranges.

2020

Topoclimates, refugia, and biotic responses to climate change*

Ackerly, David D., Matthew M. Kling, Matthew L. Clark, Prahlad Papper, Meagan F. Oldfather, Alan L. Flint, and Lorraine E. Flint. "Topoclimates, refugia, and biotic responses to climate change." Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 18, no. 5 (2020): 288-297.

The relationship between forest fires and forest dynamics in California’s North Coast Bioregion: How altered fire regimes have affected the vegetative outcomes of oak woodlands and mixed conifer forests

Bencomo, Max. "The relationship between forest fires and forest dynamics in California’s North Coast Bioregion: How altered fire regimes have affected the vegetative outcomes of oak woodlands and mixed conifer forests." (2020).

Locally Adapted Mimulus Ecotypes Differentially Impact Rhizosphere Bacterial and Archaeal Communities in an Environment-Dependent Manner

Bowsher, Alan W., Patrick J. Kearns, Damian Popovic, David B. Lowry, and Ashley Shade. "Locally adapted Mimulus ecotypes differentially impact rhizosphere bacterial and archaeal communities in an environment-dependent manner." Phytobiomes journal 4, no. 1 (2020): 53-63.

Quantifying Climate-Wise Connectivity across a Topographically Diverse Landscape

Gray, Morgan, Elisabeth Micheli, Tosha Comendant, and Adina Merenlender. "Quantifying climate-wise connectivity across a topographically diverse landscape." Land 9, no. 10 (2020): 355.

Climate-Wise Habitat Connectivity Takes Sustained Stakeholder Engagement

Gray, Morgan, Elisabeth Micheli, Tosha Comendant, and Adina Merenlender. "Climate-wise habitat connectivity takes sustained stakeholder engagement." Land 9, no. 11 (2020): 413.

SNAPSHOT USA 2020: A second coordinated national camera trap survey of the United States during the COVID‐19 pandemic

Kays, Roland, Michael V. Cove, Jose Diaz, Kimberly Todd, Claire Bresnan, Matt Snider, Thomas E. Lee Jr et al. "SNAPSHOT USA 2020: A second coordinated national camera trap survey of the United States during the COVID‐19 pandemic." (2022): e3775.

Stronger influence of growth rate than severity of drought stress on mortality of large ponderosa pines during the 2012–2015 California drought

Keen, Rachel M., Steve L. Voelker, Barbara J. Bentz, S-Y. Simon Wang, and Ryan Ferrell. "Stronger influence of growth rate than severity of drought stress on mortality of large ponderosa pines during the 2012–2015 California drought." Oecologia 194, no. 3 (2020): 359-370.

Weather underground: Subsurface hydrologic processes mediate tree vulnerability to extreme climatic drought

McLaughlin, Blair C., Rachel Blakey, Andrew P. Weitz, Xue Feng, Brittni J. Brown, David D. Ackerly, Todd E. Dawson, and Sally E. Thompson. "Weather underground: Subsurface hydrologic processes mediate tree vulnerability to extreme climatic drought." Global change biology 26, no. 5 (2020): 3091-3107.

Topographic heterogeneity lengthens the duration of pollinator resources

Olliff‐Yang, Rachael L., and David D. Ackerly. "Topographic heterogeneity lengthens the duration of pollinator resources." Ecology and evolution 10, no. 17 (2020): 9301-9312.

Contrasting environmental factors drive local adaptation at opposite ends of an environmental gradient in the yellow monkeyflower (Mimulus guttatus)

Popovic, Damian, and David B. Lowry. "Contrasting environmental factors drive local adaptation at opposite ends of an environmental gradient in the yellow monkeyflower (Mimulus guttatus)." American Journal of Botany 107, no. 2 (2020): 298-307.

Using phytolith analysis to reconstruct prehistoric fire regimes in central coastal California

Rutherford, Kea H., Rand R. Evett, and Peter Hopkinson. "Using phytolith analysis to reconstruct prehistoric fire regimes in central coastal California." International Journal of Wildland Fire 29, no. 9 (2020): 832-840.

Climate adaptation workshop Delphi study report: facilitators' viewpoints on effective practices

Stern, Marc J., J. Brousseau, C. O’Brien, K. Hurst, and L. J. Hansen. "Climate adaptation workshop Delphi study report: facilitators’ viewpoints on effective practices." Virginia Tech: Blacksburg, VA, USA (2020).

The relative influence of climate and housing development on current and projected future fire patterns and structure loss across three California landscapes*

Syphard, Alexandra D., Heather Rustigian-Romsos, Michael Mann, Erin Conlisk, Max A. Moritz, and David Ackerly. "The relative influence of climate and housing development on current and projected future fire patterns and structure loss across three California landscapes." Global Environmental Change 56 (2019): 41-55.

Wildlife occupancy and trail use before and after a park opens to the public

Townsend, Susan E., S. T. E. V. E. N. Hammerich, and M. I. C. H. E. L. L. E. Halbur. "Wildlife occupancy and trail use before and after a park opens to the public." California Fish and Wildlife, Recreation Special Issue (2020): 74-94.

Isotopic Composition of Hg in Fogwaters of Coastal California

Washburn, Spencer J., Joel D. Blum, Laura C. Motta, Bridget A. Bergquist, and Peter Weiss-Penzias. "Isotopic composition of Hg in fogwaters of coastal California." Environmental Science & Technology Letters 8, no. 1 (2020): 3-8.

[BOOK] Phenology Dynamics in California Grasslands: Abiotic and Biotic Influences on the Duration of Flowering

Yang, Rachael Leigh Olliff. Phenology dynamics in California grasslands: Abiotic and biotic influences on the duration of flowering. University of California, Berkeley, 2020.

2019

Mortality and resprouting in California Oak Woodlands following mixed-severity wildfire*

Ackerly, David D., Melina Kozanitas, Meagan Oldfather, Prahlad Papper, and Matthew Clark. "Mortality and resprouting in California Oak Woodlands following mixed-severity wildfire." International oaks 30 (2019).

SNAPSHOT USA 2019: a coordinated national camera trap survey of the United States

Cove, Michael V., Roland Kays, Helen Bontrager, Claire Bresnan, Monica Lasky, Taylor Frerichs, Renee Klann et al. "SNAPSHOT USA 2019: a coordinated national camera trap survey of the United States." (2021): e03353.

Facets of phylodiversity: evolutionary diversification, divergence and survival as conservation targets*

Kling, Matthew M., Brent D. Mishler, Andrew H. Thornhill, Bruce G. Baldwin, and David D. Ackerly. "Facets of phylodiversity: evolutionary diversification, divergence and survival as conservation targets." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 374, no. 1763 (2019): 20170397.

*publications marked with an asterisk are part of the Terrestrial Biodiversity and Climate Change Collaborative (2012-2023) – a vibrant collective of university, nonprofit, and government experts focused on advancing the best available science to inform climate adaptation strategies for natural resources in California’s Coast Ranges.

2018

San Francisco Bay Area summary report. California's fourth climate change assessment*

Ackerly, David, A. Jones, M. Stacey, and B. Riordan. "San Francisco Bay Area summary report. California's fourth climate change assessment." University of California, Berkeley, California, USA (2018).

Methodology for building habitat connectivity for climate adaptation: Mayacamas to Berryessa Coast Ranges (M2B)

Gray M., Micheli, L., Merenlender, A.M. 2018. Methodology for building habitat connectivity for climate adaptation: Mayacamas to Berryessa Coast Ranges (M2B), California. A technical report by the Dwight Center for Conservation Science at Pepperwood, Santa Rosa CA.

New concepts, models, and assessments of climate-wise connectivity*

Keeley, Annika TH, David D. Ackerly, D. Richard Cameron, Nicole E. Heller, Patrick R. Huber, Carrie A. Schloss, James H. Thorne, and Adina M. Merenlender. "New concepts, models, and assessments of climate-wise connectivity." Environmental Research Letters 13, no. 7 (2018): 073002.

Climate-Wise Landscape Connectivity: Why, How, and What’s Next*

Keeley, Annika, David Ackerly, Galli Basson, D. Richard Cameron, Lee Hannah, Nicole Heller, Patrick Huber et al. "Climate-Wise Landscape Connectivity: Why, How, and What’s Next." California’s Fourth Climate Change Assessment, California Natural Resources Agency. Publication number: CNRA-CCC4A-2018-XXX (2018).

Avoided land use conversions and carbon loss from conservation purchases in California*

Moanga, Diana, Isabel Schroeter, David Ackerly, and Van Butsic. "Avoided land use conversions and carbon loss from conservation purchases in California." Journal of land use science 13, no. 4 (2018): 391-413.

Best practices for reporting climate data in ecology*

Morueta-Holme, Naia, Meagan F. Oldfather, Rachael L. Olliff-Yang, Andrew P. Weitz, Carrie R. Levine, Matthew M. Kling, Erin C. Riordan et al. "Best practices for reporting climate data in ecology." Nature Climate Change 8, no. 2 (2018): 92-94.

Living with Fire in California's Coast Ranges Symposium Resources

From May 7-9, 2018, the Living with Fire in California’s Coast Ranges Symposium was held at Sonoma State University (SSU), in Rohnert Park, CA, as a partnership between the California Fire Science Consortium, Pepperwood, SSU, CAL FIRE, the Sonoma County Forest Conservation Working Group and local public and private agencies. Organized in response to the devastating October 2017 North Bay wildfires, the symposium brought together more than 400 participants, including members of the general public, scientific community, private sector, natural resource and fire safety agencies, and non-profit organizations.

SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS & SYMPOSIUM PRESENTATIONS

2017

[BOOK] Science, parks and conservation in a rapidly changing world*

Beissinger, Steven R., and David D. Ackerly. "Science, parks, and conservation in a rapidly changing world." Science, Conservation, and National Parks (2017): 363-387.

Hydrologic refugia, plants, and climate change*

McLaughlin, Blair C., David D. Ackerly, P. Zion Klos, Jennifer Natali, Todd E. Dawson, and Sally E. Thompson. "Hydrologic refugia, plants, and climate change." Global change biology 23, no. 8 (2017): 2941-2961.

Fire, Vegetation, and Resilience in the Mayacamas Workshop

On December 4, 2017, Pepperwood hosted a half-day forum on Fire, Vegetation, and Resilience in the Mayacamas. Experts presenting included historical ecologist Arthur Dawson, fire ecologist Sasha Berleman, PhD, and forest ecologist David Ackerly, PhD Over 80 landowners, land managers, foresters, journalists, scientists, and members of the public attended. The talks put the October 2017 fires in scientific and historical context. Several presenters discussed the impact of the fires on lands they manage. The last presentation focused on how to effectively communicate to the public about the impact of the fires on natural lands. Pepperwood staff led a tour to review the impacts of the fires on our preserve. The day ended with focused discussion and prioritization among action options.

Climate Ready Vegetation Management Workshop

In February of 2017, Pepperwood and the UC Berkeley Ackerly Lab hosted a workshop connecting our TBC3 science team directly with managers from local agencies, land trusts, and other groups. This workshop pioneered a scenario-based approach to adaptive management of our forests, and provided critical feedback needed to refine a set of Climate Ready tools produced in partnership with the Sonoma County Regional Climate Protection Authority to help managers better understand fire and drought risks to forest health in the face of a changing climate. The workshop also tapped into TBC3 models that project the potential declines of existing species and the potential arrivals of new species—both desirable and undesirable—on our lands. Pepperwood will provide ongoing support as science adviser to interested land managers through our Fire Mitigation and Forest Health Initiative network.

*publications marked with an asterisk are part of the Terrestrial Biodiversity and Climate Change Collaborative (2012-2023) – a vibrant collective of university, nonprofit, and government experts focused on advancing the best available science to inform climate adaptation strategies for natural resources in California’s Coast Ranges.

2016

A framework for effective use of hydroclimate models in climate-change adaptation planning for managed habitats with limited hydrologic response data

Esralew, Rachel A., Lorraine Flint, James H. Thorne, Ryan Boynton, and Alan Flint. "A framework for effective use of hydroclimate models in climate-change adaptation planning for managed habitats with limited hydrologic response data." Environmental Management 58, no. 1 (2016): 60-75.

Fire Mitigation and Forest Health Workshop

In May of 2016, Pepperwood hosted a day-long invitational workshop to bridge from science to practice in managing North Coast range forest and chaparral ecosystems in the face of climate change and fire. Sixty-five scientists and land managers came together to share their expertise and create a framework for future collaboration around fire mitigation and forest health.

Johnson, K. D., E. Micheli, J. Weigand, D. Ackerly, M. Halbur, C. Dodge, T. Greco, and S. Funke. Fire Mitigation and Forest Health Workshop Proceedings. A technical report prepared by the Dwight Center for Conservation Science at Pepperwood, Santa Rosa, CA, 47pp, 2016.

WORKSHOP PROCEEDINGS & PANELIST PRESENTATIONS

High and dry: high elevations disproportionately exposed to regional climate change in Mediterranean-climate landscapes

McCullough, Ian M., Frank W. Davis, John R. Dingman, Lorraine E. Flint, Alan L. Flint, Josep M. Serra-Diaz, Alexandra D. Syphard, Max A. Moritz, Lee Hannah, and Janet Franklin. "High and dry: high elevations disproportionately exposed to regional climate change in Mediterranean-climate landscapes." Landscape Ecology 31 (2016): 1063-1075.

[BOOK] Stewardship, conservation, and restoration in the context of environmental change*

Merenlender, ADINA M., DAVID D. Ackerly, KATHARINE. Suding, M. REBECCA Shaw, and ERIKA Zavaleta. "Stewardship, conservation, and restoration in the context of environmental change." Ecosystems of California. University of California Press, Berkeley, California (2016): 925-941.

Effects of topoclimatic complexity on the composition of woody plant communities

Oldfather, Meagan F., Matthew N. Britton, Prahlad D. Papper, Michael J. Koontz, Michelle M. Halbur, Celeste Dodge, Alan L. Flint, Lorriane E. Flint, and David D. Ackerly. "Effects of topoclimatic complexity on the composition of woody plant communities." AoB Plants 8 (2016): plw049.

Averaged 30 year climate change projections mask opportunities for species establishment

Serra‐Diaz, Josep M., Janet Franklin, Lynn C. Sweet, Ian M. McCullough, Alexandra D. Syphard, Helen M. Regan, Lorraine E. Flint et al. "Averaged 30 year climate change projections mask opportunities for species establishment." Ecography 39, no. 9 (2016): 844-845.

A climate change vulnerability assessment of California’s terrestrial vegetation*

Thorne, James H., Ryan M. Boynton, Andrew J. Holguin, Joseph AE Stewart, and Jacquelyn Bjorkman. "A climate change vulnerability assessment of California’s terrestrial vegetation." California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Sacramento, CA (2016).

GOES‐derived fog and low cloud indices for coastal north and central California ecological analyses*

Torregrosa, Alicia, Cindy Combs, and Jeff Peters. "GOES‐derived fog and low cloud indices for coastal north and central California ecological analyses." Earth and Space Science 3, no. 2 (2016): 46-67.

2015

A geographic mosaic of climate change impacts on terrestrial vegetation: which areas are most at risk?*

Ackerly, David D., William K. Cornwell, Stuart B. Weiss, Lorraine E. Flint, and Alan L. Flint. "A geographic mosaic of climate change impacts on terrestrial vegetation: which areas are most at risk?." PloS one 10, no. 6 (2015): e0130629.

Tree mortality predicted from drought-induced vascular damage*

Anderegg, William RL, Alan Flint, Cho-ying Huang, Lorraine Flint, Joseph A. Berry, Frank W. Davis, John S. Sperry, and Christopher B. Field. "Tree mortality predicted from drought-induced vascular damage." Nature geoscience 8, no. 5 (2015): 367-371.

Integrated climate and land use change scenarios for California rangeland ecosystem services: wildlife habitat, soil carbon, and water supply

Byrd, Kristin B., Lorraine E. Flint, Pelayo Alvarez, Clyde F. Casey, Benjamin M. Sleeter, Christopher E. Soulard, Alan L. Flint, and Terry L. Sohl. "Integrated climate and land use change scenarios for California rangeland ecosystem services: wildlife habitat, soil carbon, and water supply." Landscape Ecology 30 (2015): 729-750.

Adapting California's ecosystems to a changing climate*

Chornesky, Elizabeth A., David D. Ackerly, Paul Beier, Frank W. Davis, Lorraine E. Flint, Joshua J. Lawler, Peter B. Moyle et al. "Adapting California's ecosystems to a changing climate." Bioscience 65, no. 3 (2015): 247-262.

Dimethyl Mercury in Seawater: a Potential Source of Monomethyl Mercury in Fog

Coale, Kenneth H., Wesley Alan Heim, Alex Olson, Holly Chiswell, Amy Byington, Adam Newman, Autumn Bonnema et al. "Dimethyl Mercury in Seawater: a Potential Source of Monomethyl Mercury in Fog." In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, vol. 2015, pp. B11D-0466. 2015.

Back to the future: using historical climate variation to project near‐term shifts in habitat suitable for coast redwood*

Fernández, Miguel, Healy H. Hamilton, and Lara M. Kueppers. "Back to the future: using historical climate variation to project near‐term shifts in habitat suitable for coast redwood." Global Change Biology 21, no. 11 (2015): 4141-4152.

Standard Fog Collector Measurements Along the Central and Northern California Coast During the 2014 and 2015 Fog Seasons*

Fernandez, Daniel, Alicia Torregrosa, Peter Scott Weiss-Penzias, Alexander Anthony Mairs, Summer Wilson, Matthew Bowman, Thomas Barkley, Mitch Gravelle, and Andrew J. Oliphant. "Standard Fog Collector Measurements Along the Central and Northern California Coast During the 2014 and 2015 Fog Seasons." In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, vol. 2015, pp. A52E-05. 2015.

Climate change: Evaluating your local and regional water resources

Flint, Lorraine E., Alan L. Flint, and James H. Thorne. Climate change: Evaluating your local and regional water resources. No. 2014-3098. US Geological Survey, 2015.

Impacts of sea level rise and climate change on coastal plant species in the central California coast

Garner, Kendra L., Michelle Y. Chang, Matthew T. Fulda, Jonathan A. Berlin, Rachel E. Freed, Melissa M. Soo-Hoo, Dave L. Revell et al. "Impacts of sea level rise and climate change on coastal plant species in the central California coast." PeerJ 3 (2015): e958.

Targeting climate diversity in conservation planning to build resilience to climate change*

Heller, Nicole E., Jason Kreitler, David D. Ackerly, Stuart B. Weiss, Amanda Recinos, Ryan Branciforte, Lorraine E. Flint, Alan L. Flint, and Elisabeth Micheli. "Targeting climate diversity in conservation planning to build resilience to climate change." Ecosphere 6, no. 4 (2015): 1-20.

The theory behind, and the challenges of, conserving nature's stage in a time of rapid change*

Lawler, Joshua J., David D. Ackerly, Christine M. Albano, Mark G. Anderson, Solomon Z. Dobrowski, Jacquelyn L. Gill, Nicole E. Heller, Robert L. Pressey, Eric W. Sanderson, and Stuart B. Weiss. "The theory behind, and the challenges of, conserving nature's stage in a time of rapid change." Conservation Biology 29, no. 3 (2015): 618-629.

Twentieth-century shifts in forest structure in California: Denser forests, smaller trees, and increased dominance of oaks*

McIntyre, Patrick J., James H. Thorne, Christopher R. Dolanc, Alan L. Flint, Lorraine E. Flint, Maggi Kelly, and David D. Ackerly. "Twentieth-century shifts in forest structure in California: Denser forests, smaller trees, and increased dominance of oaks." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112, no. 5 (2015): 1458-1463.

Generating relevant climate adaptation science tools in concert with local natural resource agencies*

Micheli, Lisa, Lorraine E. Flint, Sam Veloz, and Nicole E. Heller. "Generating relevant climate adaptation science tools in concert with local natural resource agencies." In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, vol. 2015, pp. PA13B-05. 2015.

Mercury and Other Chemical Constituents in Pacific Marine Fog Water: Results from Two Summers of Sampling in FogNet

Sahba, Ossian, William Scott Conrad, Robert Moranville, Peter Scott Weiss-Penzias, Kenneth H. Coale, Wesley Alan Heim, Alex Olson et al. "Mercury and Other Chemical Constituents in Pacific Marine Fog Water: Results from Two Summers of Sampling in FogNet." In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, vol. 2015, pp. A33H-0283. 2015.

The magnitude and spatial patterns of historical and future hydrologic change in California’s watersheds*

Thorne, J. H., R. M. Boynton, L. E. Flint, and A. L. Flint. 2015. The magnitude and spatial patterns of historical and future hydrologic change in California’s watersheds. Ecosphere 6:1–30.

Coastal fog frequency and watershed recharge metrics for coho salmon conservation recovery*

Torregrosa, Alicia, Lorraine E. Flint, and Alan L. Flint. "Coastal fog frequency and watershed recharge metrics for coho salmon conservation recovery." In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, vol. 2015, pp. A33H-0287. 2015.

*publications marked with an asterisk are part of the Terrestrial Biodiversity and Climate Change Collaborative (2012-2023) – a vibrant collective of university, nonprofit, and government experts focused on advancing the best available science to inform climate adaptation strategies for natural resources in California’s Coast Ranges.

2014

Future scenarios of impacts to ecosystem services on California rangelands*

Byrd, Kristin, Pelayo Alvarez, Lorraine Flint, and Alan Flint. Future scenarios of impacts to ecosystem services on California rangelands. No. 2014-3019. US Geological Survey, 2014.

Uncertainty in assessing the impacts of global change with coupled dynamic species distribution and population models

Conlisk, Erin, Alexandra D. Syphard, Janet Franklin, Lorraine Flint, Alan Flint, and Helen Regan. "Uncertainty in assessing the impacts of global change with coupled dynamic species distribution and population models." Global change biology 19, no. 3 (2013): 858-869.

Topographic, latitudinal and climatic distribution of Pinus coulteri : geographic range limits are not at the edge of the climate envelope*

Cornwell, William, Lorraine E. Flint, Alan L. Flint, and David Ackerly. "Topographic, latitudinal and climatic distribution of Pinus coulteri: Geographic range limits are not at the edge of the climate envelope." Ecography 37 (2014): 001-012.

Fine-grain modeling of species’ response to climate change: holdouts, stepping-stones, and microrefugia

Hannah, Lee, Lorraine Flint, Alexandra D. Syphard, Max A. Moritz, Lauren B. Buckley, and Ian M. McCullough. "Fine-grain modeling of species’ response to climate change: holdouts, stepping-stones, and microrefugia." Trends in ecology & evolution 29, no. 7 (2014): 390-397.

TBC3: Wrestling Climate Change to the Ground*

Hannibal, M. E. 2014. TBC3: Wrestling Climate Change to the Ground. Bay Nature. Berkeley, CA.

Development of a natural practice to adapt conservation goals to global change*

Heller, Nicole E., and Richard J. Hobbs. "Development of a natural practice to adapt conservation goals to global change." Conservation Biology 28, no. 3 (2014): 696-704.

An historical land conservation analysis in the San Francisco Bay Area, USA: 1850–2010*

Santos, Maria J., James H. Thorne, Jon Christensen, and Zephyr Frank. "An historical land conservation analysis in the San Francisco Bay Area, USA: 1850–2010." Landscape and urban planning 127 (2014): 114-123.

Determining the Hydrological Importance of Coastal Fog in Northern California Using Stable Isotopes of Water*

Scholl, Martha A., Alicia Torregrosa, and Tyler B. Coplen. "Determining the Hydrological Importance of Coastal Fog in Northern California Using Stable Isotopes of Water." In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, vol. 2014, pp. A11C-3027. 2014.

Coastal fog, climate change, and the environment*

Torregrosa, A., T. A. O’Brien, and I. C. Faloona. 2014. Coastal fog, climate change, and the environment. Eos 95:473–484.

2013

Establishment of woodland vegetation research plots at Pepperwood Preserve*

Ackerly, D., M. Oldfather, M. Britton, M. Halbur, and L. Micheli. "Establishment of woodland vegetation research plots at Pepperwood Preserve." Technical Report for Moore Foundation (2013).

Integrating climate data via the CLN Explorer*

Branciforte, R., S. Weiss, and A. Recinos. 2013. Integrating climate data via the CLN Explorer. Terrestrial Biodiversity Climate Change Collaborative. Dwight Center for Conservation Science at Pepperwood, Santa Rosa, CA.

Cumulative effects of small reservoirs on streamflow in northern coastal California catchments

Deitch, Matthew J., Adina M. Merenlender, and Shane Feirer. "Cumulative effects of small reservoirs on streamflow in northern coastal California catchments." Water Resources Management 27 (2013): 5101-5118.

Cross-scale modeling of surface temperature and tree seedling establishment in mountain landscapes

Dingman, John R., Lynn C. Sweet, Ian McCullough, Frank W. Davis, Alan Flint, Janet Franklin, and Lorraine E. Flint. "Cross-scale modeling of surface temperature and tree seedling establishment in mountain landscapes." Ecological Processes 2 (2013): 1-15.

Estimating Vegetation Reference Conditions by Combining Historical Source Analysis and Soil Phytolith Analysis at Pepperwood Preserve, Northern California Coast Ranges, U.S.A

Evett, Rand R., Arthur Dawson, and James W. Bartolome. "Estimating vegetation reference conditions by combining historical source analysis and soil phytolith analysis at Pepperwood Preserve, northern California Coast Ranges, USA." Restoration Ecology 21, no. 4 (2013): 464-473.

Fine-scale hydrologic modeling for regional landscape applications: the California Basin Characterization Model development and performance*

Flint, L.E., Flint, A.L., Thorne, J.H. et al. Fine-scale hydrologic modeling for regional landscape applications: the California Basin Characterization Model development and performance. Ecol Process 2, 25 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/2192-1709-2-25

California basin characterization model: A dataset of historical and future hydrologic response to climate change: Us geological survey dataset report

Flint, L. E., A. L. Flint, and J. H. Thorne. "California basin characterization model: A dataset of historical and future hydrologic response to climate change: Us geological survey dataset report." (2013).

Modeling plant species distributions under future climates: how fine scale do climate projections need to be?

Franklin, Janet, Frank W. Davis, Makihiko Ikegami, Alexandra D. Syphard, Lorraine E. Flint, Alan L. Flint, and Lee Hannah. "Modeling plant species distributions under future climates: how fine scale do climate projections need to be?." Global change biology 19, no. 2 (2013): 473-483.

Creating a Detailed Vegetation Map for Pepperwood Preserve*

Halbur, M., M. Kennedy, D. Ackerly, L. Micheli, and J. Thorne. "Creating a detailed vegetation map for Pepperwood Preserve." (2013).

Impacts of climate change in California

Kadir, T., L. Mazur, C. Milanes, and K. Randles. 2013. Impacts of climate change in California. Sacramento, CA.

The Bay Area BioAtlas*

Loarie, S. 2013. The Bay Area BioAtlas. Terrestrial Biodiversity Climate Change Collaborative. Dwight Center for Conservation Science at Pepperwood, Santa Rosa, CA.

The Terrestrial Biodiversity Climate Change Collaborative (TBC3): An interdisciplinary strategy for advancing science-based conservation*

Micheli, L., and D. Ackerly. 2013. The Terrestrial Biodiversity Climate Change Collaborative (TBC3): An interdisciplinary strategy for advancing science-based conservation. Terrestrial Biodiversity Climate Change Collaborative. Dwight Center for Conservation Science at Pepperwood, Santa Rosa, CA.

North Bay vital signs: An integrated ecosystem-climate monitoring framework for Sonoma County*

Micheli, L., and D. DiPietro. "North Bay vital signs: An integrated ecosystem-climate monitoring framework for Sonoma County." Report of the North Bay Climate Adaptation Initiative Science Working Group (2013).

Fog as an ecosystem service: Quantifying fog-mediated reductions in maximum temperature across coastal to inland transects in northern California*

Torregrosa, A., L. E. Flint, A. L. Flint, C. Combs, and J. Peters. "Fog as an ecosystem service: Quantifying fog-mediated reductions in maximum temperature across coastal to inland transects in northern California." In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, vol. 2013, pp. A41E-0111. 2013.

Present, future, and novel bioclimates of the San Francisco, California Region*

Torregrosa, Alicia, Maxwell D. Taylor, Lorraine E. Flint, and Alan L. Flint. "Present, future, and novel bioclimates of the San Francisco, California Region." PloS one 8, no. 3 (2013): e58450.

Wildlife Camera Studies at Pepperwood 2011-2013

Townsend, S., M. Halbur, and L. Micheli. Wildlife Camera Studies at Pepperwood, 2011-2013. A technical report of Pepperwood’s Dwight Center for Conservation Science prepared for the Sonoma County Agricultural and Open Space District. Santa Rosa, CA, 2013.

High-resolution climate-hydrology scenarios for San Francisco Bay Area*

Weiss, S., A. Flint, L. Flint, D. Ackerly, and E. Micheli. "High-resolution climate-hydrology scenarios for San Francisco Bay Area." (2013).

*publications marked with an asterisk are part of the Terrestrial Biodiversity and Climate Change Collaborative (2012-2023) – a vibrant collective of university, nonprofit, and government experts focused on advancing the best available science to inform climate adaptation strategies for natural resources in California’s Coast Ranges.

2012

Potential impacts of climate change on biodiversity and ecosystem services in the San Francisco Bay Area*

Ackerly, David D., Rebecca A. Ryals, Will K. Cornwell, Scott R. Loarie, Sam Veloz, Kelley D. Higgason, Whendee L. Silver, and Todd E. Dawson. "Potential impacts of climate change on biodiversity and ecosystem services in the San Francisco Bay Area." (2012).

Future climate scenarios for California: freezing isoclines, novel climates, and climatic resilience of California’s protected areas*

Ackerly, David. "Future climate scenarios for California: freezing isoclines, novel climates, and climatic resilience of California’s protected areas." (2012).

Climate change impacts on California vegetation: physiology, life history, and ecosystem change*

Cornwell, William K., Stephanie A. Stuart, Aaron Ramirez, Christopher R. Dolanc, James H. Thorne, and David D. Ackerly. "Climate change impacts on California vegetation: physiology, life history, and ecosystem change." (2012).

Simulation of climate change in San Francisco Bay basins, California: case studies in the Russian River valley and Santa Cruz mountains*

Flint, Lorraine E., and Alan L. Flint. Simulation of climate change in San Francisco Bay basins, California: case studies in the Russian river valley and Santa Cruz mountains. No. 2012-5132. US Geological Survey, 2012.

Downscaling future climate scenarios to fine scales for hydrologic and ecological modeling and analysis*

Flint, Lorraine E., and Alan L. Flint. "Downscaling future climate scenarios to fine scales for hydrologic and ecological modeling and analysis." Ecological Processes 1 (2012): 1-15.

Downscaling future climate projections to the watershed scale: A north San Francisco Bay case study*

Micheli, Elisabeth, Lorraine Flint, Alan Flint, Stuart Weiss, and Morgan Kennedy. "Downscaling future climate projections to the watershed scale: A north San Francisco Bay case study." San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science 10, no. 4 (2012).

Development and application of downscaled hydroclimatic predictor variables for use in climate vulnerability and assessment studies*

Thorne, James H., Ryan Zboynton, Lorraine Flint, Alan Flint, and Thuy Lee. "Development and application of downscaled hydroclimatic predictor variables for use in climate vulnerability and assessment studies." (2012).

Stochastic analysis of multi-year runoff, recharge, and climatic water deficit in geologically varying watersheds*

Weiss, Stuart B., A. L. Flint, and L. E. Flint. "Stochastic analysis of multi-year runoff, recharge, and climatic water deficit in geologically varying watersheds." In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, vol. 2012, pp. GC11A-0975. 2012.

2011

Effects of grazing on native plant abundance and diversity in a California grassland invaded by Phalaris aquatica

Carlson, Amanda. "Effects of grazing on native plant abundance and diversity in a California grassland invaded by Phalaris aquatica." Grazing and Native vegetation (2011): 1-21.

Uncertainty in assessing the impacts of global change with coupled dynamic species distribution and population models

Conlisk, Erin, Alexandra D. Syphard, Janet Franklin, Lorraine Flint, Alan Flint, and Helen Regan. "Uncertainty in assessing the impacts of global change with coupled dynamic species distribution and population models." Global change biology 19, no. 3 (2013): 858-869.

Landscape‐scale indicators of biodiversity's vulnerability to climate change*

Klausmeyer, Kirk R., M. Rebecca Shaw, Jason B. MacKenzie, and D. Richard Cameron. "Landscape‐scale indicators of biodiversity's vulnerability to climate change." Ecosphere 2, no. 8 (2011): 1-18.

Effects of management of domestic dogs and recreation on carnivores in protected areas in northern California

Reed, Sarah E., and Adina M. Merenlender. "Effects of management of domestic dogs and recreation on carnivores in protected areas in northern California." Conservation Biology 25, no. 3 (2011): 504-513.

2010

The geography of climate change: implications for conservation biogeography*

Ackerly, D. D., S. R. Loarie, W. K. Cornwell, S. B. Weiss, Healy Hamilton, Ryan Branciforte, and N. J. B. Kraft. "The geography of climate change: implications for conservation biogeography." Diversity and distributions 16, no. 3 (2010): 476-487.

Resource management in a changing and uncertain climate

Lawler, Joshua J., Timothy H. Tear, Chris Pyke, M. Rebecca Shaw, Patrick Gonzalez, Peter Kareiva, Lara Hansen et al. "Resource management in a changing and uncertain climate." Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8, no. 1 (2010): 35-43.

Bridging the gap: linking climate-impacts research with adaptation planning and management

Mastrandrea, Michael D., Nicole E. Heller, Terry L. Root, and Stephen H. Schneider. "Bridging the gap: linking climate-impacts research with adaptation planning and management." Climatic Change 100, no. 1 (2010): 87-101.

Mayacamas connectivity report

Merenlender, A. M., S. Reed, J. Kitzes, and S. Feirer. "Mayacamas connectivity report." Report. Sonoma County Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District, Sonoma County, California (2010).

Adapting to climate change: state of the science for North Bay watersheds a guide for managers

Micheli, L., L. Flint, A. Flint, M. Kennedy, S. Weiss, and R. Branciforte. 2010. Adapting to climate change: state of the science for North Bay watersheds a guide for managers. Santa Rosa, CA.

2009

Use of empirically derived source‐destination models to map regional conservation corridors

Cushman, Samuel A., KEVIN S. McKELVEY, and Michael K. Schwartz. "Use of empirically derived source‐destination models to map regional conservation corridors." Conservation Biology 23, no. 2 (2009): 368-376.

The fog remote sensing and modeling field project

Gultepe, Ismail, G. Pearson, J. A. Milbrandt, B. Hansen, S. Platnick, P. Taylor, M. Gordon, J. P. Oakley, and S. G. Cober. "The fog remote sensing and modeling field project." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 90, no. 3 (2009): 341-360.

Biodiversity management in the face of climate change: a review of 22 years of recommendations

Heller, Nicole E., and Erika S. Zavaleta. "Biodiversity management in the face of climate change: a review of 22 years of recommendations." Biological conservation 142, no. 1 (2009): 14-32.

Climate change, habitat loss, protected areas and the climate adaptation potential of species in Mediterranean ecosystems worldwide

Klausmeyer, Kirk R., and M. Rebecca Shaw. "Climate change, habitat loss, protected areas and the climate adaptation potential of species in Mediterranean ecosystems worldwide." PloS one 4, no. 7 (2009): e6392.

The velocity of climate change

Loarie, Scott R., Philip B. Duffy, Healy Hamilton, Gregory P. Asner, Christopher B. Field, and David D. Ackerly. "The velocity of climate change." Nature 462, no. 7276 (2009): 1052-1055.

*publications marked with an asterisk are part of the Terrestrial Biodiversity and Climate Change Collaborative (2012-2023) – a vibrant collective of university, nonprofit, and government experts focused on advancing the best available science to inform climate adaptation strategies for natural resources in California’s Coast Ranges.