Dwight Center for Conservation Science Publications

The following technical reports are produced by Pepperwood staff for Pepperwood's Dwight Center for Conservation Science.

Adaptive Management Plan

With its foundation in the scientific research conducted on the reserve, Pepperwood'sAdaptive Management Plan (AMP) incorporates an ongoing cycle of feedback for adapting management practices based on outcomes monitored onsite.

Climate Supplement to AMP

This document is a post-wildfire, climate adaptation supplement to the 2017 Pepperwood Adaptive Management Plan (AMP), the comprehensive strategy of which can be applied beyond Pepperwood's borders.

Forest Monitoring Report

Pepperwood's forest monitoring project was initiated in 2020, and was designed to assess the long-term trends and range of vegetation and wildlife responses to our forest management practices.

Sentinel Site Plan

Starting in 2010, Pepperwood has been building a Sentinel Site to systematically measure climate, hydrology, and ecosystem health in order to improve our understanding of how changes in climate affect our natural resources and communities.

Pepperwood and Affiliate Publications

The following technical reports and publications are produced by Pepperwood staff and affiliates using research conducted at Pepperwood's 3,200-acre reserve in the Mayacamas Mountains of Sonoma County, California. Linked reports will open as a .pdf or as it appears in the publication journal, in another tab. Please notify us if any of these publication links are broken. 

2024

Topography influences diurnal and seasonal microclimate fluctuations in hilly terrain environments of coastal California

John, Aji, Julian D. Olden, Meagan F. Oldfather, Matthew M. Kling, and David D. Ackerly. "Topography influences diurnal and seasonal microclimate fluctuations in hilly terrain environments of coastal California." Plos one 19, no. 3 (2024): e0300378.

2023

The effect of soundscape composition on bird vocalization classification in a citizen science biodiversity monitoring project

Clark, Matthew L., Leonardo Salas, Shrishail Baligar, Colin A. Quinn, Rose L. Snyder, David Leland, Wendy Schackwitz, Scott J. Goetz, and Shawn Newsam. "The effect of soundscape composition on bird vocalization classification in a citizen science biodiversity monitoring project." Ecological Informatics 75 (2023): 102065.

Young people in iNaturalist: a blended learning framework for biodiversity monitoring

Herodotou, Christothea, Nashwa Ismail, Ana I. Benavides Lahnstein, Maria Aristeidou, Alison N. Young, Rebecca F. Johnson, Lila M. Higgins, Maryam Ghadiri Khanaposhtani, Lucy D. Robinson, and Heidi L. Ballard. "Young people in iNaturalist: a blended learning framework for biodiversity monitoring." International Journal of Science Education, Part B (2023): 1-28.

Dendra Remote Animal ID: Scaling up Biodiversity Monitoring via in situ animal identification (Camera and Acoustic) using Machine Learning on industrial Edge computing hardware with low power global satellite uplink (SWARM)

Bode, Collin, Lisa Micheli, J. Scott Smith, Ryan Ferrel, Keane Flynn, Morgan Gray, Michelle Halbur, and Steven Hammerich. "B23F-2143 Dendra Remote Animal ID: Scaling Up Biodiversity Monitoring via in situ animal identification (Camera and Acoustic) using Machine Learning on industrial Edge computing hardware with low power global satellite uplink (SWARM)." Authorea Preprints (2023).

Metal toxin threat in wildland fires determined by geology and fire severity

Lopez, Alandra Marie, Juan Lezama Pacheco, and Scott Fendorf. "Metal toxin threat in wildland fires determined by geology and fire severity." Nature Communications 14, no. 1 (2023): 8007.

Vegetation Trends and Cycles in the Fire-Prone Landscapes of Lake, Napa, and Sonoma Counties

Dawson, A. D., Comendant, T. Henifen, K., Thorne, J. H., Tuckman, M. & Micheli, L. 2023. Vegetation Trends and Cycles in the Fire-Prone Landscapes of Lake, Napa, and Sonoma Counties. Pepperwood Preserve, CA.

Using terrestrial laser scanning to evaluate non-destructive aboveground biomass allometries in diverse Northern California forests

Krause, Paris, Brieanne Forbes, Alexander Barajas-Ritchie, Matthew Clark, Mathias Disney, Phil Wilkes, and Lisa Patrick Bentley. "Using terrestrial laser scanning to evaluate non-destructive aboveground biomass allometries in diverse Northern California forests." Frontiers in Remote Sensing 4 (2023): 1132208.

Vegetation type change in California’s Northern Bay Area: A comparison of contemporary and historical aerial imagery

Fertel, Hannah M., Brandon M. Collins, Jamie M. Lydersen, and Scott L. Stephens. "Vegetation type change in California’s Northern Bay Area: A comparison of contemporary and historical aerial imagery." Forest Ecology and Management 542 (2023): 121102.

2022

Wildfires disturb the natural skin microbiota of terrestrial salamanders

Mulla, Lubna, and Obed Hernández‐Gómez. "Wildfires disturb the natural skin microbiota of terrestrial salamanders." Environmental Microbiology 25, no. 11 (2023): 2203-2215.

Examining abiotic and biotic factors influencing specimen black oaks (Quercus kelloggii) in northern California to reimplement traditional ecological knowledge and promote ecosystem resilience post-wildfire

O'Gorman, Cory J., Lisa Patrick Bentley, Clint McKay, Margaret Purser, and Kylie M. Everly. "Examining abiotic and biotic factors influencing specimen black oaks (Quercus kelloggii) in northern California to reimplement traditional ecological knowledge and promote ecosystem resilience post-wildfire." Ecology and Society 27, no. 2 (2022).

Management Recommendations for Balancing Public Access and Species Conservation on Protected Lands

Kretser, H. E., A. D’Antonio, J. Burger, B. Largay, A. Merenlender, T. Nelson, and S. E. Reed. "Management Recommendations for Balancing Public Access and Species Conservation on Protected Lands." (2022).

Multi-Stage Soil-Hydraulic Recovery and Limited Ravel Accumulations Following the 2017 Nuns and Tubbs Wildfires in Northern California

Perkins, Jonathan P., Carlos Diaz, Skye C. Corbett, Corina Cerovski‐Darriau, Jonathan D. Stock, Jeff P. Prancevic, Elisabeth Micheli, and Jay Jasperse. "Multi‐stage soil‐hydraulic recovery and limited ravel accumulations following the 2017 Nuns and Tubbs wildfires in Northern California." Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 127, no. 6 (2022): e2022JF006591.

Comparing Remote Sensing and Field-Based Approaches to Estimate Ladder Fuels and Predict Wildfire Burn Severity

Forbes, Brieanne, Sean Reilly, Matthew Clark, Ryan Ferrell, Allison Kelly, Paris Krause, Corbin Matley et al. "Comparing remote sensing and field-based approaches to estimate ladder fuels and predict wildfire burn severity." Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 5 (2022).

Experiences in LP-IoT: EnviSense Deployment of Remotely Reprogrammable Environmental Sensors

Grimsley, Reese, Mathieu Marineau, and Bob Iannucci. "Experiences in LP-IoT: EnviSense deployment of remotely reprogrammable environmental sensors." In Proceedings of the 1st ACM Workshop on No Power and Low Power Internet-of-Things, pp. 1-7. 2022.

Soundscape classification with convolutional neural networks reveals temporal and geographic patterns in ecoacoustic data

Quinn, Colin A., Patrick Burns, Gurman Gill, Shrishail Baligar, Rose L. Snyder, Leonardo Salas, Scott J. Goetz, and Matthew L. Clark. "Soundscape classification with convolutional neural networks reveals temporal and geographic patterns in ecoacoustic data." Ecological Indicators 138 (2022): 108831.

Climate change-adaptive participatory field gene banking for a California endemic oak

McLaughlin, Blair, Alissa Fogg, Katherine K. Ennis, Grant Halstrom, Alicia Herrera, and Paulo Quadri. "Climate change‐adaptive participatory field gene banking for a California endemic oak." Restoration Ecology 30, no. 5 (2022): e13573.

Cloverdale Fire Protection District Community Wildfire Protection Plan

Cloverdale Fire Protection District, C. A. "Cloverdale Fire Protection District Community Wildfire Protection Plan." (2022).

 

2021

Responses of Herpetofauna to Fall Fire in Grassland and Mixed Oak-Conifer Forest Habitats

Bradbury, Julianne F. "Responses of Herpetofauna to Fall Fire in Grassland and Mixed Oak-Conifer Forest Habitats." PhD diss., Sonoma State University, 2021.

The Potential of Multispectral Imagery and 3D Point Clouds from Unoccupied Aerial Systems (UAS) for Monitoring Forest Structure and the Impacts of Wildfire in Mediterranean-Climate Forests

Reilly, Sean, Matthew L. Clark, Lisa Patrick Bentley, Corbin Matley, Elise Piazza, and Imma Oliveras Menor. "The potential of multispectral imagery and 3d point clouds from unoccupied aerial systems (uas) for monitoring forest structure and the impacts of wildfire in mediterranean-climate forests." Remote Sensing 13, no. 19 (2021): 3810.

[BOOK] Climate Stewardship: Taking Collective Action to Protect California

Merenlender, Adina, and Brendan Buhler. Climate Stewardship: Taking Collective Action to Protect California. Univ of California Press, 2021.

[BOOK] Three Scales of Gene Flow in California White Oaks

Papper, Prahlada D. Three Scales of Gene Flow in California White Oaks. University of California, Berkeley, 2021.

2020

Quantifying Climate-Wise Connectivity across a Topographically Diverse Landscape

Gray, Morgan, Elisabeth Micheli, Tosha Comendant, and Adina Merenlender. "Quantifying climate-wise connectivity across a topographically diverse landscape." Land 9, no. 10 (2020): 355.

Climate-Wise Habitat Connectivity Takes Sustained Stakeholder Engagement

Gray, Morgan, Elisabeth Micheli, Tosha Comendant, and Adina Merenlender. "Climate-wise habitat connectivity takes sustained stakeholder engagement." Land 9, no. 11 (2020): 413.

SNAPSHOT USA 2020: A second coordinated national camera trap survey of the United States during the COVID‐19 pandemic

Kays, Roland, Michael V. Cove, Jose Diaz, Kimberly Todd, Claire Bresnan, Matt Snider, Thomas E. Lee Jr et al. "SNAPSHOT USA 2020: A second coordinated national camera trap survey of the United States during the COVID‐19 pandemic." (2022): e3775.

Climate adaptation workshop Delphi study report: facilitators' viewpoints on effective practices

Stern, Marc J., J. Brousseau, C. O’Brien, K. Hurst, and L. J. Hansen. "Climate adaptation workshop Delphi study report: facilitators’ viewpoints on effective practices." Virginia Tech: Blacksburg, VA, USA (2020).

Stronger influence of growth rate than severity of drought stress on mortality of large ponderosa pines during the 2012–2015 California drought

Keen, Rachel M., Steve L. Voelker, Barbara J. Bentz, S-Y. Simon Wang, and Ryan Ferrell. "Stronger influence of growth rate than severity of drought stress on mortality of large ponderosa pines during the 2012–2015 California drought." Oecologia 194, no. 3 (2020): 359-370.

The relationship between forest fires and forest dynamics in California’s North Coast Bioregion: How altered fire regimes have affected the vegetative outcomes of oak woodlands and mixed conifer forests

Bencomo, Max. "The relationship between forest fires and forest dynamics in California’s North Coast Bioregion: How altered fire regimes have affected the vegetative outcomes of oak woodlands and mixed conifer forests." (2020).

Topoclimates, refugia, and biotic responses to climate change

Ackerly, David D., Matthew M. Kling, Matthew L. Clark, Prahlad Papper, Meagan F. Oldfather, Alan L. Flint, and Lorraine E. Flint. "Topoclimates, refugia, and biotic responses to climate change." Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 18, no. 5 (2020): 288-297.

Weather underground: Subsurface hydrologic processes mediate tree vulnerability to extreme climatic drought

McLaughlin, Blair C., Rachel Blakey, Andrew P. Weitz, Xue Feng, Brittni J. Brown, David D. Ackerly, Todd E. Dawson, and Sally E. Thompson. "Weather underground: Subsurface hydrologic processes mediate tree vulnerability to extreme climatic drought." Global change biology 26, no. 5 (2020): 3091-3107.

Topographic heterogeneity lengthens the duration of pollinator resources

Olliff‐Yang, Rachael L., and David D. Ackerly. "Topographic heterogeneity lengthens the duration of pollinator resources." Ecology and evolution 10, no. 17 (2020): 9301-9312.

Isotopic Composition of Hg in Fogwaters of Coastal California

Washburn, Spencer J., Joel D. Blum, Laura C. Motta, Bridget A. Bergquist, and Peter Weiss-Penzias. "Isotopic composition of Hg in fogwaters of coastal California." Environmental Science & Technology Letters 8, no. 1 (2020): 3-8.

Using phytolith analysis to reconstruct prehistoric fire regimes in central coastal California

Rutherford, Kea H., Rand R. Evett, and Peter Hopkinson. "Using phytolith analysis to reconstruct prehistoric fire regimes in central coastal California." International Journal of Wildland Fire 29, no. 9 (2020): 832-840.

Contrasting environmental factors drive local adaptation at opposite ends of an environmental gradient in the yellow monkeyflower (Mimulus guttatus)

Popovic, Damian, and David B. Lowry. "Contrasting environmental factors drive local adaptation at opposite ends of an environmental gradient in the yellow monkeyflower (Mimulus guttatus)." American Journal of Botany 107, no. 2 (2020): 298-307.

[BOOK] Phenology Dynamics in California Grasslands: Abiotic and Biotic Influences on the Duration of Flowering

Yang, Rachael Leigh Olliff. Phenology dynamics in California grasslands: Abiotic and biotic influences on the duration of flowering. University of California, Berkeley, 2020.

Locally Adapted Mimulus Ecotypes Differentially Impact Rhizosphere Bacterial and Archaeal Communities in an Environment-Dependent Manner

Bowsher, Alan W., Patrick J. Kearns, Damian Popovic, David B. Lowry, and Ashley Shade. "Locally adapted Mimulus ecotypes differentially impact rhizosphere bacterial and archaeal communities in an environment-dependent manner." Phytobiomes journal 4, no. 1 (2020): 53-63.

Wildlife occupancy and trail use before and after a park opens to the public

Townsend, Susan E., S. T. E. V. E. N. Hammerich, and M. I. C. H. E. L. L. E. Halbur. "Wildlife occupancy and trail use before and after a park opens to the public." California Fish and Wildlife, Recreation Special Issue (2020): 74-94.

2019

SNAPSHOT USA 2019: a coordinated national camera trap survey of the United States

Cove, Michael V., Roland Kays, Helen Bontrager, Claire Bresnan, Monica Lasky, Taylor Frerichs, Renee Klann et al. "SNAPSHOT USA 2019: a coordinated national camera trap survey of the United States." (2021): e03353.

2012

Estimating Vegetation Reference Conditions by Combining Historical Source Analysis and Soil Phytolith Analysis at Pepperwood Preserve, Northern California Coast Ranges, U.S.A

Evett, Rand R., Arthur Dawson, and James W. Bartolome. "Estimating vegetation reference conditions by combining historical source analysis and soil phytolith analysis at Pepperwood Preserve, northern California Coast Ranges, USA." Restoration Ecology 21, no. 4 (2013): 464-473.